Until 1977 the entire Nuapada Sub-Division was sans a college. Students interested to pursue higher studies had to traverse long distances to reach either Bolangnir or Bhawanipatna which were the nearest colleges available. Thus they had to suffer great hardships as the-then state of communication was highly deplorable. Many a young student who could afford, proffered Raipur a big town in the neighbouring state of Madhya Pradesh, because it provided better communication and improved facilities. But alas! many meritorious students had to call it a day after matriculation as their financial condition did not allow them to afford education in far off places. So in 1978 the intelligentsia of Nuapada put their needs together and seriously thought about having a college in Nuapada. Thus sprang National College from funds donated by Local people of Nuapada & Khariar Road with Mr. B.K. Bose as the President and Mr. P.K.Azad as Secretary of the Managing Committee. The college initially ran in National High School, Nuapada with intermediate in Arts in subjects such as English, MIL(Oriya/Hindi), Economics, History, Political Science, Education, Mathematics, Logic, Oriya, Hindi affiliated to Sambalpur University.

By and by a site for the college was identified at a place midway between Nuapada & Kjariar Road to enable students of both the towns to have easy access to the college. The Arts stream at +3 Level (B.A.) got concurrence with an affiliated strength of 96 in English, MIL(Oriya/Hindi), Economics, History, Political Science, Education, Mathematics, Logic, Oriya, Hindi in 1986-87. +2 Commerce was included in 1986-87 with 64 seats. National College introduced Science teaching facilities at +2 level in 1993-94 with an enhancement from 96 to 128 seats in 1998-99 and thus the college blossomed into a full-fledged institution at +2 level.

Nuapada was made a District on 01.04.1993 and it was hoped that the college would develop by leaps and bounds in the years to come.

National College, Nuapada started imparting honours teaching at degree level in subjects like Political Science in 1990, and in History & Education in 1998-99 and in Philosophy and Geography in 2015-16 respectively.

Now the college is providing teaching at honours level to students at degree level in Commerce & Science (Self Financing).

There are three NSS Units at Degree level, out of which one unit is meant for girl student. One unit for boys at +2 level is functioning. These four units are helping students in participating in different awareness programmes like special camps, oneday camps plantation, cleanliness etc.

National College Nuapada has two units of Red Cross, these two units have been organizing blood grouping and blood donation programmes spreading the value of blood donation and its importance in human life.

The college has two ECO clubs for creating an awareness among students how to keep the college campus eco-friendly.